Pete Minix holds the record for General Patton Museum Veteran Archives

Pete Minix holds the record for General Patton Museum Veteran Archives

Takes a mountain of a man, and Pete Minix has collected a mountain of archives at the Gen. Patton Museum filled with over 400 stories of US Military Veterans and others who experienced the Korean and World War 2 first hand.


A couple months ago I flew my grandfather to the General George S. Patton Memorial Museum in Chiriaco Summit, California which has a small public runway 1000 feet from the entrance.  My grandfather served under Gen. Patton in WW2 and thought it would be great for his 91st birthday. The museum is nestled at the base of the Eagle Mountains where Gen. Patton chose to set up a camp to train soldiers for the North African Invasion.


The museum is filled with countless vehicles, weapons, uniforms, medals, and many amazing showcases of World War 2 including various belongings to the General himself.  There is even displays for the Korean War, Vietnam and the Gulf War.   There is also a 20 minute video of the General and the history of the camp. A must for US Military World War 2 history and nostalgia.


While we were there the museum general manager, Mike Pierson, took notice of the 91 yr old WW2 Veteran touring the displays.  He introduced himself and told us of a complimentary service the museum provides to families of those wishing to have their Veteran loved ones archived at the museum.  I soon learned of Pete Minix, a museum board member and the invaluable volunteer work he provides for those looking to learn more about the men and women that served.


Pete was not at the museum that day but later he would give me a call and begin the process of documenting my grandfather.  I was impressed with the level of commitment Mr. Minix takes to gather the info to create each individual’s archive.  Pete and I spoke and soon he was interviewing my grandfather and documenting.  Being a part of this and learning more about what he does for the museum it dawned on me that someone needs to interview Mr. Minix and honor what he does and the thousands of hours he volunteers to help families discover their US Veteran heritage.


I asked Pete if he would be interested and he agreed.  He seemed very modest about what he does for folks and I looked forward to learning more.  We set a date to come and interview him.  It was the beginning of April and the weather was not cooperating.  Each day we scheduled I awoke to Extreme High Winds alerts or Severe Marine layers and of course “May Grey”.  For weeks we were stymied by Mother Nature.  After almost 8 weeks of crazy southern California springtime “El Nino” weather there was a break in the clouds!


June 5th the weather cleared up for another crazy weather episode with a record high heat wave but it was clear and calm enough to fly!  I could only think of the days leading up to D-Day and how the US had to wait for a break in the weather to being able to make the campaign successful.  Finally I would be able to meet Mr. Minix in person.  When I arrived we met at the local Coffee House that has a pretty good breakfast restaurant next to the airstrip and museum.  He was wearing a Red, White and Blue flannel shirt and a USMC cap adorned with various pins.   He stood up to shake my hand.  Being 6’3″ myself I’m not used to having to look up to folks, but he was surely a couple inches taller and for 63 years old a mountain of a man.


He was inked with tattoo art on each exposed arm and leg of various Veterans and cool shark images.  Mr. Minix was also a Veteran reaching the rank of Sergeant with the USMC after 5 years in.  He also served with the National Guard for another 3.  He started this project 16 years ago and have documented nearly 400 Veterans.


We ate breakfast and talked about his 18 years dedicating time and energy to help anyone who requests the archiving service.  He joked about his “hunt and peck” typing and bemused by anecdotes of people who actually don’t care about finding out about their own heritage.  I can’t imagine why someone wouldn’t accept Mr. Minix’s generous offer to take the countless hours and many strokes of the keyboard to manifest these individual Veteran archives to be kept for future posterity.

Minix Archive

Once the museum opened at 9:30am we went over and he took me back to the archive room where he kept the volumes of Veterans he has researched and data based.   Each one meticulously organized and thoughtfully outlined he pulled out one in particular that he wished to share.  It began with an Auschwitz survivor.  As a boy of 14 he was captured by the German Army and forced to wear a yellow Star of David.  He lost his entire family to the camps and his parents were put to death by the Nazis.  Just surviving is defiance to tyranny!

This truly framed the reason on which World War 2 was fought…To defend freedom and defeat those who wish to take it away.

Archive Book

The volume contained another story of an US Army Veteran that jumped on a grenade to save his fellow soldiers and survived!  There were pictures of him shaking hands with President Truman receiving the Medal of Honor and miraculously a picture of him today in uniform.  Incredible acts of bravery with no regard of one’s own self to save others in harm’s way.  These people are the true heroes of history that made a difference that may have allowed someone else’s loved one to return home.


The next was another Medal of Honor winner that served in the 1st Marine Division in Peleliu.  My other grandfather was also there and we wondered if they perhaps knew one another.  Seeing the picture of the Marine in the book washed over me as I thought of my grandfather’s experience in the South Pacific.  These pages came to life as they turned revealing countless stories and documents of each of these amazing individual’s stories and accomplishments during the most darkest years of world history.

Amazing stories of amazing people against amazing odds defeating Fascism in Europe.

The volume was about 5 inches thick and each page protected by plastic covers contained only 8 people.  The amount of care and handling to each of these works is monumental.  As the pages kept turning I was blown away by the depth and scope of the entire archive and how much time and effort he must have made to assemble this magnitude of documentation.  A treasure to the General George Patton Museum providing an ever expanding wealth of history for those that care enough to discover its riches.

If you know anyone that may be interested or perhaps a family member that has had a loved one serve in World War 2 or Korea do yourself a favor and reach out to Mr. Minix to give you the care and appreciation our Veterans deserve in remembering the incredible testaments in the never ending pursuit of Freedom.  It was my honor to have been able to share this time and learn more about the selfless endeavors of Pete Minix in bringing this extensive archive of heroes and those that paid the ultimate price to ensure our future and posterity of America!  God Bless America and all those that have served to keep her flag flying high!

91 yr old WW2 Veteran visits the General Patton Museum

91 yr old WW2 Veteran visits the General Patton Museum

US Army Veteran Pfc Ernest Frost turned 91 this March and I (his grandson) made plans to fly him to Chiriaco Summit where the General George Patton Museum resides for a walk down memory lane- World War 2 style.

The museum was founded in 1988 to commemorate General Patton and the tank training base camp he forge in the southern deserts of California for they resembled the terrain of North Africa where they soon would be deploying.


Pfc. Ernie Frost stands next to Gen Patton’s bust and portrait.  He served under Patton in the 7th Army, 3rd Infantry Division.


Grandpa tells me about the types of rifles he used during the war.


Being a scout his main weapon was a 1903 Springfield Sniper rifle having over 20 confirm kills.


Various games and products from the era celebrating the Battle of the Bulge.


The updated bazooka.  Grandpa had a much smaller version.


P08 and P38 Walther pistols.


Looking at the Nazi Luftwaffe helmet along with may other he remembers putting holes in them with his rifle;)

He had many stories of Junker JUs and BF109 pilots strafing them from above.  HE said the sound they made when the aircraft began to dive on them was unforgettable.


The BAR Browning Automatic Rifle.  Had fired in training but never used in combat.


Lugar P08 9mm. Grandpa got one of these off a dead German soldier.


Grandpa said they drove one of these around Strasbourg after curfew with a 50 cal to take out any lights that weren’t supposed to be on.  Martial Law was in effect and the Germans were told to follow the rules or get there asses kicked.


Didn’t take long for museum manager, Mike Pierson, to notice grandpa wearing his US Army uniform from 1945.


Pfc Ernie Frost points out the Bronze Star award which he received for his actions during the Colmar Pocket Campaign.


Nazi dress uniform daggers and stilettos.  The German Army definitely loved their blades.


Walking through the outdoor portion of the museum he reflects on memories of engaging these metal monsters.  Once he was asked by his Lt. to take a bazooka and attack a Tiger tank wedged in an intersection.  The guns we still able to rotate so grandpa quickly instructed the the Lt to go do it himself if thinks he can.  He knew it was a suicide mission to try to attack a Tiger tank with one of our old bazookas.  Not a chance.


After the museum manager, Mike Pierson, discovered grandpa he quickly included him in the presentation for the patrons that afternoon.


He asked him questions and described all the decorations on his uniform.


Grandpa was enjoying all of his attention and discussion about his participation in the greatest conflict of all time with the one of the greatest Americans in history!


Learn more about this WW2 hero at this link.  US Army Pfc Ernest Frost.

US Army Infantryman 11B Coin

Best Vietnam War Movies

Best Vietnam War Movies

Over the decades Hollywood has attempted to portray the US soldier and their experience in the Vietnam War.  Each has its own perspective and insights that help us better understand the combat veterans story of America’s chapter in Southeast Asia.

If you think you know of a better movie that is not listed here let us know.  But these are the best and  bet you wont find a more appropriate collection of films for the era.

10. Uncommon Valor



One of the first Vietnam movies to address rescuing the MIAs of Vietnam.

9.Hamburger Hill

Hamburger_hill hamburgerhill-group

A pulpy portrayal of the Battle of Hamburger Hill

8.Rescue Dawn



A realist portrayal of POW captivity in Vietnam.  One can really lose their head.

7.Born on the 4th of July

Born4th july DVD-front


Mechanized Marine

6.Good Morning Vietnam



Does Forrest Whitaker ever age?

5.We Were Soldiers



Reminds me of my grandfather.

4.The Deer Hunter



Vietnam roulette has early retirements.




A better look for Charlie?

2. Full Metal Jacket



“This is my rifle, this is my gun.  This is for fighting, this is for fun”

1. Apocalypse Now


“Charlie don’t surf!”


If you think a movie should be on this list let us know and we will consider it.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 40 – More Check Ride Practice

February, 13  2015 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 39 – More Practice for Check Ride!

February, 3  2015 · Taken at Ramona Airport

ATC Light Signals


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 38 – More Steep Bank Turns Solo

January, 20  2015 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 37 – Steep Bank Turns Solo

January, 9  2015 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 36 – Soft and Short Field Take Offs and Landings

December 14 & 20, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Practice soft field landings in the pattern.  Used 30 degrees Flaps to descend rapidly then throttle as I float in the ground effect for a soft field landing.  Also worked on Slips and short field landings.

Soft Field Landing


Soft Field Landing Video

Soft Field Take-Off


Short Field Landing with Obstacle


Short Field Take Off




Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 35.5 – Steep Angle Turns

360 degree Steep Angle Turns around a point

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 35 – Steep Angle Turns

November 29, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Practice Steep angle turns with Jimmy Carter, Nesreen and Sid over the Pacific Ocean.  Starting with a right turn first becuase it is a more difficult maneuver ending with the left which is a less complex maneuver since the pilot has better visibility turning in the left direction.  Once the turn is initiated the trim must be rotated 3 good turns to set the angle.  Turns must be at least 45 degrees and not exceed 60 degrees.  Demonstrated tis several times.



 Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 34 – More Weather Review

November 23, 2014 · At Derek Mountain


Earth Map of Wind and Weather

Looks like the METARs need to step it up;),61.62,500


Usually found with sever thunderstorms

Wind Shear

Wind Shear is a change of wind velocity in a short vertical or horizontal distance.

1. Wind Shear with a low-level temperature inversion

2. Wind Shear in a frontal zone or thunderstorm

3. Clear Air Turbulence (CAT) at High Levels associated with a jet stream or strong circulation

 Unexpected changed in wind speed close to the ground is a concern to pilots during take off and landing due to sudden loss of altitude.


Low Level Wind Shear (LLWS)


Places that you an find out if there is a possiblity of Wind Shear can be found in:

1. Terminal Forecasts



4. LLWAS-Low Level Wind Shear Alert System

5. PIREPs Pilot Reports



2 basic ways fog forms are cooling he air to the dew point and adding moisture to the air near the ground.


Types of Fog

Radiation Fog, Advection Fog, Valley Fog, Upslope Fog, Steam Fog, Ice Fog, Precipitation Fog


How Fog Forms


Ice fog is a type of fog consisting of fine ice crystals suspended in the air.



1. Cumulous Stage – Warm counter Clockwise air rises Upward creating unstable conditioning

2. Mature Stage – Upward air is cooled and moisture forms cumulonimbus

3. Dissipating Stage – Raining


Temperature Inversion

Temperature Inversion Aloft


3 Main types of Icing are Structural, Induction, Instruments

Structural Icing occurs when visible moisture and below freezing temperatures at point moisture strikes the aircraft.


3 Types of structural icing are Clear Ice, Rime Ice, and Mixed Ice.

Clear Ice forms after initial impact when the remaining portion of the drop flows out over the aircraft surface, gradually freezing as a smooth sheet of solid ice.

Rime Ice forms when drops are small, such as those in stratified clouds or light drizzle.  The Liquid portion remaining after initial impact  freezes rapidly before the drop has time to spread out over aircraft surface.

Mixed Ice forms when drops vary in size or when liquid drops are intermingled with snow or ice particles.  The ice particles become embedded in clear ice, building a very rough accumulation.


When encountering icing conditions inadvertently the first course of action should be:

1. Leave the area of visible moisture.

2. Possibly Descending to an altitude below the cloud bases

3. Possibly climbing to an altitude above the clouds

4. Turning into a different course


 Atmospheric Stability

Atmospheric Stability is determines the type of vertical and size of clouds


Stable Clouds are Stratifrom

Unstable Clouds are Cumuliform

Stable Turbulence is Smooth

Unstable Turbulence is Rough

Stable Precipitation is Steady

Unstable Precipitation is Showery

Stable Visibility is Fair to Poor

Unstable Visibility is Good


Absolute Stability – Less Stormy

Hence, an unsaturated or saturated parcel will always be cooler than the
environment and will sink back down to the ground

Conditional Stability

• The unsaturated parcel will be cooler than then environment
and will sink back to the ground
• The saturated parcel will be warmer than the environment and
will continue to ascend

Neutral Stability

The environmental lapse rate is equal to
the dry adiabatic rate.
• Or when parcel is saturate

Absolute Instability – Stormy

Hence, an unsaturated or saturated parcel will always be
warmer than the environment and will continue to ascend




Convective Cloud Formation




Environmental Lapse Rate

5° Celsius/1000 meters


Dry Adiabatic Rate

10° Celsius/1000 meters


Wet Adiabatic Rate

6° Celsius/1000 meters

Dew Point

Dew Point is the temperature to which a sample of the air must be cooled to attain a state of saturation.  When the temperature and the dew point are close together (within 5 degrees), visible moisture in the form of clouds, dew or fog.  Conditions idea for carburetor icing.


Dew Point Formula for Cloud Ceiling

Temperature – Dew point / 4 x 1,000 = Base of Clouds

Dew point meter


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 33 – More IFR and Clouds

November 21, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

More IFR and Cloud training! Of all daysto forget my GoPro this was the most amazing flight. Slipping through the clouds was awesome! Also Navigated via IFR through the clouds with Jimmy Carter guiding the way. Next Stop Check Ride!

Initial Walk Up Inspection of Cessna 152 Aircraft

Windsock at Ramona Airport

Pre-Flight Inspection of Cessna 152 Airplane

Pre-Flight Inspection of Cessna 152 Airplane Continued

Cumulus Clouds

Cumulus Clouds

Cumulus Clouds

Cumulus Clouds everywhere in this wonderful cold front creating these great clouds!

Ramona Airport from 5 SM North at 5500 ft.


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 32 – Ground Weather Review

November 20, 2014 · At Derek Mountain


Nature of the Atmosphere

Low Pressure – Inward, upward and counterclockwise

High Pressure – Outward, downward and clockwise

Low Pressure – Warm air rises  .  High Pressure – Cool air falls



 Troughs and Ridges


Standard Temperature and pressure values at Sea Level


15 degrees Celsius


29.92 Hg Mercury




 What information can be obtained from isobars?

Closer the isobars are together the fast the wind speeds,  the farther they are apart the slower the wind speeds


The Coriolis Force causes winds to flow parallel to isobars.

Surface Friction is why winds flow across isobars at an angle.


 The rate in which the atmospheric pressure decrease with an increase in altitude is 1″ per 1,000 ft.



Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 31 – Cessna 152 IFR Training Part 3

November 11, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

This time I took the girls and you might see them popping their heads up in the back seat.  As you can see I’m wearing a blast shield aka IFR training Goggles to fly by instruments only.  The top part of the goggles are fogged out so I cant see the outside unless I lift my head up.  This entire flight I don’t get to see outside until right before I landed.  Jimmy gives me navigation, altitude and speed instructions to follow throughout the flight. Before landing we circled the Wild Animal park so the girls could see it from above!

I was wearing this style of IFR trainign glasses from Sportys

sportys iFR training goggles

Other types of IFR training Goggles



Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 31 – Cessna 152 IFR Training Part 2

November 4, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Another beautiful day of flying.  Too bad I didn’t see a thing above the hood.  Watching the gauges again for another hour.  Winds were out of the NE at 10-20 kts so we had a 10+ crosswind component making it a lot of fun.  Also used runway 9er instead of 27 so that was also more right traffic pattern training.  In addition trained on unusual attitude recovery.
Instrument Flight Rules Simulated




Unusual Attitude Recovery



Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 30 – Cessna 172 IFR Training

October 28, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Training on IFR flying using glasses that obscure my view so I cannot see the outside terrain and can only fly using the instrument panel.  Very Cool!  Flew my girlfriend, Nesreen, out to the coast and back for an hour logged of IFR with 2 more needed for requirement.


Checking the fuel. 100L

The Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2 Cockpit

Preflight Check to make sure all elevators work

Checking the Cessna 172 Engine Oil

Inspecting the cowling for any debris or bird nests

Luke, use the Force!

Ft Pendleton USMC San Diego, CA

US Navy Hovercraft Base Del Mar Area 21

LHDs leaving the base

Mt Woodson

Landing At Ramona Airport

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 29 – Cessna 152 Night Flight Part 2

October 16, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Wrapped up remaining requirements for night flights. Have not flown with my instructor since May. Not used to the extra load but he said my flying was top notch! 7 more night landings. Only 9 hours left! 3 hours of IFR and 6 hours to polish up my skills;)



Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 31 – Ground School – 152 Lycoming Engine and Carburetor

October 10, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Reviewed 152 Lycoming Engines and Carburetors.  Specifically 4 stroke systems and carb icing.

 150 hp (112 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 80/87 avgas, compression ratio 7.00:1. Similar to E2A but with Slick magnetos and O-235 front.  Used in the Cessna 172 I to M models.

Lycoming Egnine Naming


Internal Combustion Engine

4 Stroke Compression System  1. Intake  2. Compression 3. Power  4. Exhaust

Lycoming O-320,  OI-320 Series

Internal Combustion Engine

 Crank Shaft for Lycoming



download (1)


lycoming o-320-e2D crank shaft


4 Stroke Cylinder

lycoming o-320-e2D 4 stroke


 Carburetor System for Lycoming O-320

Carburetor System for Lycoming O-320

Carburetor System for Lycoming O-320


lycoming carburetor air box with carb heat lever

air box with carb heat lever


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 28 – Cessna 152

October 7, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Pattern work, Touch n Goes, Non towered operations, Right Pattern Traffic, Short Field take offs and landings. Studying PTS and Oral exam books. 12 more hours of flight time to reach minimum for license!
Sporting the Liberty Cap! Freedom!
Great day for flying. She really performed well.
Can See Catalina Island

Flight Training Day 27 – Cross Country Solo part deux!

Sept 21, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport, Blythe Airport

After a long wait and for the marine layer to burn off I finally got my last Cross Country Solo from KRNM Ramona to KBLH Blythe, Ca via KTRM Thermo! Absolutely great day! Logged flight plans and got her underway! Worked on VOR Navigation, Pilotage, and CFlight Following. All solo requirements are complete! 12 more hours of more training to take the Check Ride and get that license!

Flight Route on Los Angeles Sectional

All good and ready to go!

Lake Sutherland is super low! Year 3 of the California drought!

It was surreal to watch a cloud pass by like a car on the road.

Flight Plan

Chicken farms south of Santa Ysabel

Borrego Airffield

The Salton Sea

Looking towards Thermo airport. Returning I didn’t have to stop so I crossed the Salton Sea!

Looking back! Farthest I have flown from home base!

A very happy pilot!

Bye Salton Sea!

Solar panel array

Combat Crew No 412 of B-24 Liberator Bomber Group that was stationed in Blythe, Ca January 1945

Old school bomber hanga

KBLH Blythe Airport

Gas n up!

Heading towards Julian VOR. Last pic of the flight!


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 26 -Weather Delay on Cross Country Solo

Sept 16, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Weather has been super hot and storms linger from the Hurricanes in Los Cabos so I tried to practice some pattern work but hte winds got out of hand.  Put her down after the Tower chattered the crosswinds at 22 knot!

Video here


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 25 -Cross Country Solo!

Aug 26, 2014 · Taken at Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport
Departed from Ramona Airport KRNM at 6:50am. Gorgeous day for a trip to Palm Springs Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport also known as Thermo KTRM located 82 nm out in the desert at altitude -115 below sea level. Used VOR navigating and pilotage. 2.0 hours logged as pilot in command for cross country solo. Awesome!
Flight Plan
Plane Cessna 152 2
The Pilot
Ramona City and Airport. Mt Woodson in the background far right.
Lake Henshaw San Diego County
Julian VOR
The Salton Sea
Kane West MOA
Santa Rosa-San Jacinto Mountains
Salton Sea
Over the Salton Sea
Salton City
Over Barrego Airport
Julian VOR

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 24 -Pilot in Command

Aug 14, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Beautiful early morning for a brush up on my skills. Solo cross-country is next! Looking forward to more ground school. Also preparing for high-performance and complicated retractable wheel aircraft.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 23 – Written Exam!

Aug 7, 2014 · Taken at Gillespie Field El Cajon Ca


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 22 – Pilot in Command

July 28, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
More exercises in the playground north of Ramona Airport. Took off about 7 am and flew about an hour. Steep angle and S-turns along a road Circling around a point as well as operations within a non towered airport. Good stuff. 
Loving it

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 21 – Pilot in Command – Recon

July 25, 2014 · · Taken at Ramona Airport
Took a few shots of the house from above and was filmed from below. After a reconnoiter of the house I practice more maneuvers north of the airport. More steep angle turns around a point at altitude.
House from above heading west
House from above heading east
On the ground in Hangar 1

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 20 Pilot in Command 152 Cessna

July 5, 2014  · Taken in Ramona, California
Great day to enjoy the Freedom of Flying! Practiced steep angle turns in the playground and flew over the house. Got some great pics of Ramona and Escondido!
San Pasqual Valley
Wild Animal Park
Emergency Landing Strip
Picture of house from above

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Day 19 Flight Training – Pilot in Command C152

June 24, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
More PIC training 10 touch and goes in 1 hr on a beautiful day! Practice engine fail and short field landings in less than 1000 feet! More solo and written test next!
Ramona Airport from left downwind turning base.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Day 18.5 Flight Training – Lost Procedures

June 13, 2014 · Taken at Frost Mountain

Lost procedures (Four Cs)

  • Climb for a better view, improved communication and navigation reception, and terrain avoidance.
  • Communicate by calling the nearest flight service station on 122.2 MHz. If the equipment is available, you may be able to get a direction-finding steer to an airport or another known point. If you can’t raise Flight Service, try calling the nearest control tower, center, or approach control. For frequencies, check the chart in the vicinity of your last known position. If that fails, switch to the emergency radio frequency (121.5 MHz) and transponder code (7700).
  • Confess to air traffic control that you are lost and need help.
  • Comply with the controller’s instructions. ATC wants to get you home. You can reduce your chances of getting lost in the first place by using flight following when it is available, monitoring checkpoints no more than 25 miles apart, keeping navigation aids such as VORs tuned in, and maintaining good situational awareness.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Day 18 Flight Training – Pilot in Command C-152

June 12, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Early departure for 1.1 hours of touch and goes. 98 landings under my belt with a few more including night landings left to mark off that requirement. Next big thing is the written text! Study study study!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 17 – C152 Pilot in Command!

June 3, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
First day flying completely solo. Checked out the plane and headed out after all pre-flights. Felt great! This is the best feeling! Can’t wait to get my license!


Mt Woodson Elemntary from above

At the helm Warp speed engage!

Taxiing via ALpha


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 16 – Solo Flight!

May 28, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Started out a bit stressed but worked it out and flew around then went for it! Pilot in Command for 3 take-offs and landings in .7 hours! The pattern was very full and i was dealing with many airplanes lining up for approach. Now I can train without the instructor. Next is the big written and Oral exam then Flight Check!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 15.5 – More Ground Work

May 9, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Getting ready to solo! Holidays slowed things up a bit but now back on track! More Cross Country training and Weather! I’m going to be taking my written test soon! Lots of stuff to learn and know. My brain hurts:)
Aviation Weather is paramount to learn
Spock uses the E-6b to navigate the Enterprise

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 15 – Cessna 172 Cross-Country

May 4, 2014 · Taken at Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport
KRNM – JLI – KTRM Had to get up early to do this trip. It gets crazy out over the Salton Sea. Cross Country today takes me to Thermo or Jacqueline Cochran regional airport which is 115 below sea level. This makes for an interesting climb out of a very hot place;) Absolutely no lift! Ramona airport and surrounding locations provide the largest range of environments in such a small area. An amazing trip over the desert and Salton Sea. Julian from above is gorgeous.
Check fuel sump
Thermo has a golf course — at Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport.
Thermo Gas Station

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 14.5 Ground Training

April 24, 2014o · Taken at Ramona Airport
Working on Solo test and another cross-country to Borrego, CA. WHile in Class we had some visitors stop by the little Ramona Airport. B-17, B-25, P-51 Mustang and a couple of USMC Huey Cobras. I will post some videos next. What a show!
FAR AIM 2014
Private Pilot Oral Exam Single Engine Land
Filling out the Logbook!
B-24 Liberator
Video of B-24 Liberator Bomber Landing At Ramona Airport

Video of B-17 bomber landing at Ramona Airport

P-51 Mustang Fighter
Video of P-51 Mustang Taking Off

USMC Huey Cobras flew by

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 14 Cross Country C172 Skyhawk2

April 11, 2014 · Taken at Torrance Municipal Airport
KRNM OCN KTOA- Ramona Airport to Torrance Airport for cross country training. Headed out to Oceanside VOR then along coast over Camp Pendleton then Flight Following through John Wayne Airport Class C Airspace


The Cockpit


Torrance Municipal Airport California

Frost Call delivers!

P-38 434th Fighter Squadron

P-51 434th Fighter Squadron

Army Air Corp Uniform

The Great Zamperini

Trophies of War…A Nazi Flag at Torrance Municipal Airport

Olympic Torches


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 13 – Cessna 152 Bail Out Airport

April 5, 2014 · Taken at Gillespie Field Airport
Flew the “Bail Out” route down to Gillespie Field. Been 3 weeks since I flew so really felt rusty. Botched the first landing but circled around and did a beauty. Returned to KRNM and did a few touch and goes to brush up. Next week I fly to Torrance Airport and back. More Cross Country Practice!
Foreflight on my Ipad mini.  Great for navigating!
My instructor signs fills out my logbook

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 12.5 Ground Cross Country

April 3, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Tower Communications

Icom IC-A24 NAV-COM Transceiver

Pick one of these up today.  Hope it is a good value.
Preparing for Cross Country Flight. Bail out Flight for backup airport to KSEE Gillespie Field and Ramona to Torrance, CA and back next week with Vision-Strike-Wear business partner and US Marine Todd Gilbert

Piper Cub at Jimmy Carter’s Flight Training

Cal Fire ready for action

Weather Briefing

Ramona Airshow Chalks

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 12 – Night Flight! Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2

March 16, 2014 · Taken at Corona Municipal Airport
Full Moon. Great night for flying. Clear skies and no other traffic until we reached Ontario Approach. Flew from Ramona Airport to Corona Airport. 1 hour flight each way. Landing at night was very cool! Once we returned to Ramona I did 3 touch and goes to practice night and non towered landings! Awesome!
Here comes the teach
Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training 11.9 – More Ground

March 13, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Checked out the Velocity Experimental Aircraft here at the airport. Met the owner and pilot of this cool aircraft. Jimmy gave us the tour. More Nav and Communication work preparing for Night Flight this Saturday!
Velocity Alien II

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 11.5 – Ground Instruction

March 6, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
More Navigation! Next weekend is my first NIGHT FLIGHT so we are preparing the charts and the nav log for the journey. Mastering the E-6B Flight Computer to figure True Headings etc. Need to get a new Kneeboard Tri-Fold!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 11 – Cessna 152 II

March 6, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Emergency Power Out landing simulation – More Touch and Goes to practice landings- 8 more! Jimmy Carter says I’m ready to go for solo!
The Teach
Blackhawk Helicopter
P-51 Mustang

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 10.5 – More Ground Instruction

February 20, 2014· Taken at Ramona Airport
The E6B Flight computer! Calculating and computing flights and reading charts. Figuring distance traveled by gallons used by time it takes etc…Almost ready to go SOLO!
USMC Veteran trainer
San Diego Sectional

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 10 – Cessna 152 Pre Solo Flight Test

February 18, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Getting closer to flying solo! After that I will be able to train more on my own for the big Written and Flight Test for the final Pilot’s License! 8 more landings running the pattern with less and less assistance! ThanksJimmy Carter for the excellent training!
Pre-flight Check!
Operations Log
Checking the plane
What lands at an airport…
Need Petro! 100LL
Fill’er Up!
The Pilot’s Seat!
Jimmy talked to 4 people in this stroll from his car to the me- lol! 
The “Teach” has arrived
breaking it down.


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 9.5 – Aeronautical Decision Making

D- Detect that the action necessary
E- Estimate the significance of the action
C- Choose a desirable outcome
I- Identify actions needed in order to achieve the chosen option
D- Do the necessary action to achieve change
E- Evaluate the effects of the action

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 9 – Cessna 152!

February 4, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
10 landings in 1 hour. Ramona Airport is the best place to learn to fly! No traffic just one touch and go after the other! Certainly made the right decision to wait and train here rather than at Long Beach Airport.
Checking the environment
I love that Cessna 152 
150 HP! Usaully they are 110 HP.
The Log Book
Ready to Roll! 
Jimmy Carter sporting the Hoodie
Crank it baby
Thumbs up!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 8.5 – Cessna 152!


Steep Bank Turns


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 8 – Cessna 152!

February 2, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
8:00 AM: Early morning and both planes wouldn’t turn over. Got down in the 30s last night- brrrr. Jimmy Carter tried to crank start her but nothing. Had to wait for the mechanic to show up and jump her off. Once we did it was training Steep Turns from 45 to 60 banks for 360 degree arcs including S turns and a couple touch and goes. Almost lost my lunch on the 2G turns. Ugh.

Early morning
Jimmy Carter says cooooolllllddd.
Jump Start her!
Finally airborne!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 7.5 -Aviation Weather Charts

 Surface Analysis Chart

Computer prepared chart that covers the contiguous 48 states and adjacent areas.  The chart is transmitted every three hours.  Ready means of locating pressure systems and fronts.  It also gives and overview of winds, temperatures and dew points AT CHART TIME.


Weather Depiction Chart

the Weather DEpiction Chart is computer generated with a weathr observers analysis of fronts from METAR reports.  This chart gives valid time of chart.  The chart begins at 01Z each day, is transmitted at 3 hr intervals, and is valid at the time of plotted data.

 Radar Summary Chart

is a computer-generated graphical display of a collection of automated radar weather reports (SDs). This chart displays areas of precipitation as well as information about type, intensity, configuration, coverage, echo top, and cell movement of precipitation. Severe weather watches are plotted if they are in effect when the chart is valid. The chart is available hourly with a valid time of H+35; i.e., 35 minutes past each hour.


 Short Range Surface Prognostic Chart (Progs)

 The Charts protray forecasts of selected weather conditions at specified valid times 12, 24, 36, 48 hour progs.

Significant Weather Prognostic Chart

Significant Weather Prognostic Charts are available for Low-level significant weather from the SURFACE to FL240 (24,000 feet), also referred to as the 400 millibar level, and  high-level significant weather from FL250 to FL600.



Connective Outlook Chart

Depicts areas of forecasts to have the potential for severe )tornado, wind gusts 50kts or greater, or hail 3/4 inch diameter size or greater and non-severe convection and specific sever weather threats.


Constant Pressure Analysis Chart

Any surface of equal pressure in the atmosphere is constant pressure surface.  A constant pressure analysis chart is an upper air weather map where all information depicted is at the specified pressure of the chart.


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 7 – Cessna 152!

January 21, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Practice stalling and recover exercises at 8k feet. That is a lot of fun…not. Sphincter Factor of 10 when the stall happens and the plane goes out of control for a moment. More touch and goes. Great day of flying!

Checking on the Squawk sheet with the mechanic
“Spots” the hangar cat
Jimmy Carter checking out the environment
Flight planning and briefing
Lookign at San Diego Naval base and USMC Coronado Island
Heading north towards Camp Pendleton
Ramona Airport tower
P-51 Mustang

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 6.5 – Ground – Airport Taxiing and Runway

January 9, 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport

Took the girls with me to class last night. Jimmy Carter was too cool to let them join so I can get more ground instruction on Airspace and Chart Reading



Flight Training Day 6 – Cessna 152 Classic!

January 9 2014 · Taken at Ramona Airport
More Touch and Goes to get better at landings. 7 Unassisted today! 5kt crosswind made things interesting. Worked on communications as well. Feeling more and more comfortable at the controls!
Jimmy has Vision-Strike-Wear.coms Made in America Hoodie for the USMC- Semper Fi!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 5.5 -Pressure Density


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 5 – Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2

December 14, 2013 · Taken at Ramona Airport
Another fine day of flying. Although Im getting over a bug was still able to handle the Skyhawk 2. More Touch and goes to practice landings. My instructor Jimmy Carter was a good choice and is letting me push the envelope on my training. All 8 unassisted landings are with no throttle or 0 power to simulate landing with engine failure. Good shit to learn.
The Drive to Ramona Airport
The Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2
Jimmy Carter giving the day’s training a thumbs up.
Jimmy wants me to remember this chart for after the written test I will never see it again-lol.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 4.5 – Aviation Weather Forecasts

TAFs – Terminal Area Forecasts

Aviation Area Forecast (FAs)

Information provided by FAs is a Synopsis, Clouds and Weather, 12-18 hr Outlook.


Inflight Aviation Weather Advisories (WST, WS, WA)

1. Convective SIGMET

Convective sigmets are issued for:

  • Severe thunderstorms. Severe thunderstorms are those that may create surface winds of 50 knots or more; hail at the surface greater than or equal to three-quarter-inch in diameter; or tornadoes.
  • Embedded thunderstorms. These are thunderstorms that exist within a greater mass of clouds. The danger here is stumbling into a cell while flying in instrument conditions. Without any storm-detection equipment you can’t see trouble coming, although the Center Weather Service Units at air route traffic control centers can provide—via controllers—information useful for vectors away from areas experiencing heavy precipitation rates, or radar signatures associated with tornadic activity—hooks, scalloped edges, pendant shapes, and zones with very steep radar contours.
  • A line or lines of thunderstorms.
  • Thunderstorms greater than or equal to VIP (video integrator processor) Level 4, affecting 40 percent or more of an area of at least 3,000 square miles.



 Sigmets are issued for severe icing not associated with thunderstorms; severe or extreme turbulence or clear air turbulence (CAT) not associated with thunderstorms;

dust storms, sandstorms; volcanic ash lowering surface or in-flight visibility to below three statute miles; or volcanic eruptions.



AIRMET Sierra – Describes IFR conditions and or extensive mountain obscurations.

AIRMET Tango – Describes moderate turbulance, sustained surface winds of 30 knots or greater, and or nonconvective low level wind shear

AIRMET Zulu – Describes Icing and Freezing level Heights


Winds and Temperatures Aloft Forecasts

Forecast Winds and Temperatures Aloft is a forecast of wind direction and speeds and of temperatures at different altitudes for specific locations.


Center Weather Advisories CWA

The CWA is an aviation weather warning for conditions meeting or approaching national in-flight advisory (AIRMET, SIGMET or SIGMET for convection) criteria.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 4 – Cessna 172 Skyhawk 2

November 30, 2013 · Taken at Ramona Airport
First time in a Cessna 172. Way more room than the 152. 2 more unassisted take offs and landings for the log! Was able to take my grandparents and my parents up for a spin around San Diego. Flew out to the coast over the ocean and down to city and back. Great day for flying.

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 3.5 – Aviation Weather Reports and Observations

November 23, 2014 · At Derek Mountain


Hourly surface observation of conditions observed at an airport.

2 Types of METARs; a Routine METAR report and a Special Weather Report (SPECI)

Reading a METAR


Types of Weather Observing programs available are:

Manual Observations – Reports from FAA or NWS personnel.

AWOS – Automated Weather Observation System.

AWOS – Automated Weather Observation System

AWOS - Automated Weather Observation System

AWOS - Automated Weather Observation System

ASOS/AWSS- Automated Surface Observation System/ Automated Weather Sensor System.

 Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS) units are automated sensor suites that are designed to serve meteorological and aviation observing needs. There are currently more than 900 ASOS sites in the United States. These systems generally report at hourly intervals, but also report special observations if weather conditions change rapidly and cross aviation operation thresholds.


2 types of PIREPs ROUTINE  or UA URGENT contain information concerning weather as observed by pilots en route.


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 3 – Cessna 152

November 21, 2013  · Taken at Ramona Airport
Reviewed written pilot license test requirements and flying in a pattern. A coyote crossed the runway. Studied on ground for 2 hours then practiced “touch and goes” for an hour with 4 unassisted take offs and landings. Landings were at zero throttle or no power and approach was on glide speed. This is to practice landing with engine failure. Needless to say I wasn’t taken pics while flying this time;)


Coyote on runway 27/9

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 2.5 – Aviation Charts




Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 2 – Cessna 152

November 14, 2013 ·  · Taken at Ramona Airport

Planned Flight with Jimmy. Pre-flighted, Taxied, Communicated with the Ground and tower for clearance. Took off, flew over Mt. Woodson then headed south over San Vicente Reservoir to Gillespie Airfield in El Cajon and had an assisted landing. The rudders when taxiing are a bit tricky but I got it this time. On return to Ramona Airport took off and landed unassisted for the first time! Jimmy says its rare that folks can do the whole trip on their own this early. I told him I had a good teacher;)

About to turn base leg on Ramona KRNM airfield.  Overlooking town of Ramona.

Jimmy points out the way to El Cajon. SSE to Gillespie Field KSEE

ME actually flying a REAL aircraft no Flight Simulator!

Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 1.5 Obtaining Weather Information

Primary Source of obtaining Weather Briefing is from the briefer at the AFSS/FSS by calling



Toll free 24 hours a day.The following is a list of the pertinent information a weather bringing includes:

1. Adverse Conditions

2. VFR Flight Status

3. Synopsis

4. Current Conditions

5. Enroute Forecast

6. Desination Forecast

7. Winds Aloft

8. NOTAMs Notices to Airman

 9. ATC Delay

10. Upon Request

Special Use Airspace SUA, MOAs Military Operations Airspace, MTRs Military Training, ADIZ, Search and Rescue, RAIM services



Other means are

TIBS- Telephone Information Briefing Service (AFSS)

NOAA- National Oceanic atmospheric Administration.

DUATS- Direct User Access Terminal Systems can be accessed by pilots with a  current Medical Certificate toll-free in the contiguous states via personal computer and internet.

TWEB- Transcribed Weather Broadcast and telephone access in Alaska.



These AFSS/FSS and other Weather Services contact numbers are found in the Airport Facility Guide

 AFSS- Automated Flight Service Station

FSS – Flight Service Station



En Route Advisory Service (EFAS)

Specifically designed to provide enroute aircraft with timely and meaningful weather advisories pertinent to the type of flight intended, route of flight and altitude.  Also where PIREPs Pilot REported Weather Information.

Hazardous In-Flight Weather Conditions (HIWAS)

A continuous broadcast of in-flight weather advisories including summarized Aviation Weather Advisories, SIGMETs, Convective SIGMETs, CEnter Weather Advisories, AIRMETs, and urgent PIREPs.

Flight Information Service (FIS)

FIS is a method of receiving aviation weather and other operational data in the cockpit that augments traditional pilot voice communication with FSS or ATC facilities.


Pre flight Planning

1. Location of Fronts

2. Cloud Layers

3. Freezing Levels

the lowest altitude in the atmosphere over a given location at which the air temperature reaches 0°C

4. Air Temperature and Pressure


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 1- Cessna 152

November 6, 2013

Took off, flew around for a hour practicing rolls, pitch, and yaw maneuvers. Stick and rudder flying. Basic navigation and VFR review. Did an assisted landing. Flying to Gillespie Airport in El Cajon on the 14th! Absolutely awesome!


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training Day 0.5 Obtaining ATIS Information

Automatic Terminal Information Service

KRNM Ramona ATIS Frequency 132.025

The recording is updated in fixed intervals or when there is a significant change in the information, e.g. a change in the active runway. It is given a letter designation (e.g. bravo) from the ICAO spelling alphabet. The letter progresses down the alphabet with every update and starts at alpha after a break in service of 12 hours or more. When contacting the local control unit, a pilot will indicate he/she has “information <letter>”, where <letter> is the ATIS identification letter of the ATIS transmission the pilot received. This allows ATC controller to verify whether the pilot has all the current information.  From Article in Wikipedia- read more

Updated during Tower Operating Hours.  After hours is default traffic announcement.

The Phonetic Alphabet is used for ATIS report

Message Explanation
This is Schiphol arrival information Kilo Indicates the broadcast is for aircraft inbound to Schiphol, and the bulletin’s identification letter
Main landing runway 18 Right Main runway used for landing is 18R, which indicates the direction (180 degrees magnetic) and Right implies there are other runways with a similar direction (18L (left), and perhaps others, such as 18C (center))
Transition level 50 Lowest usable flight level is 50 (5000 feet)
Two zero zero degrees, one one knots Wind direction from azimuth 200 degrees magnetic (south-southwest), average 11 knots
Visibility 10 kilometres General visibility 10 kilometers or more
Few 1300 feet, scattered 1800 feet, broken 2200 feet Cloud layers at the indicated altitude above the airport
Temperature 15, dewpoint 13 Temperature and dewpoint in degrees Celsius
QNH 995 hectopascal QNH 995 hectopascal
No significant change No significant change in weather expected
Contact Approach and Arrival callsign only When instructed to contact the Approach and Arrival controller, check in with callsign only (for the sake of brevity)
End of information Kilo End of bulletin, and the bulletin’s identification letter again





Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Student Medical Exam- Passed!

November 4, 2013

Medical Certifications for Pilots

Since im over 40 I must renew every 24 months.  If I were a “Spring Chicken” under 40 it would be required to renew every 60 months.
I chose a Class 3 medical license which is the least required to pass for this limits me to Private Pilot flying only.
2nd Class Medical allows for commercial pilots license.
1st class is for airline transport pilot license.


Learning to Fly an Airplane

Flight Training with Jimmy Carter Flight School Ramona California

Visiting Jimmy Carter’s Flight School

November 2, 2013   Taken at Ramona Airport
Jimmy Carter is my flight instructor! Lol! Not the President but actually a USMC veteran and highly regarded pilot trainer.
“When once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward for there you have been and there you will always long to return”  Leonardo Da Vinci
FAR AIM 2013
Choosing a Flight Instructor is critical and future pilot should find a one that they can learn best with.  I choose Jimmy Carter because of his love for aviation and genuine personality.  


Learning to Fly – Top Petty (C) 1991 UMG Recordings, Inc.

Learning to Fly – Pink Floyd 2011 Remaster Originally released 1987

Daily Show Jon Stewart doesn’t know ass from hole in ground

Daily Show Jon Stewart doesn’t know ass from hole in ground

Jill Leovy of the LA TIMES thinks America is a Constitutional Democracy and Jon Stewart too.  Daily Show Jon Stewart and guest Jill Leovy doesn’t know ass from hole in ground! Seems that everyone is banging the same drum in the media.  Anti Military, Anti America, Anti Republic.

What a load of crap!

Did Jon Stewart even catch this socialist fascist propaganda coming from the network that supposedly is tapped into the disenchanted, disillusioned, disconnected, disassociated, “dis’d” youth?  Seems the youth have their heads so far up their asses they need glass stomachs to see where they are going.

Dumbass Extraordinaire!


This person has her head up her ass!

Especially if dipshits like Jill Leovy is leading our media syndicates west coast disinformation outlet called the LA times.  Seems the LA Times employs idiots that don’t even know that America is a fucking Republic.  Who are these “Pinko-Feminazis” that are misleading the youth of America into thinking we are a Constitutional Democracy.  Anyone who has studied history knows a Constitutional Democracy is very easy system of government to topple into a Dictatorship.  The path is set and the puppets are propagating the rhetoric.

This book is designed to divide.

This book is designed to divide people.

If you see it on the bookshelf its most likely propaganda for the elite.


This paper is owned by foreigners that piss on our Republic.

Who would gain to topple this great land of freedom?  Seems certain people in the media don’t seem to notice when advocates of their media outlets are regurgitating vomit and ignoring its complete disconnect form truth and blindly leading us into self destruct.

Who runs these organizations that seem to want to change the structure of our country?  In a Republic “everyone” has to follow the same rules and law of the LAND!

Shame on John Stewart for not correcting this dim witted moron from the LA times.  More Douche bags from Los Angeles!

Don’t forget Crown Prince Obama also refers to our beloved Republic as a Constitutional Democracy.

Learn what a Republic is and what is stands for since you pledged allegiance all your lives.  If not then hit the road Jack!


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