What is the The Great Seal Of The United States and what does it mean and why did these particular elements form the icon of the United States? These questions and the time, resources are insight into how such an important part of United States history was created at the founding of our country and how ideas and icons were developed to tell a message of the USA.
What Are The Two Sides To the Great Seal Of The United States?
The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate and confirm the authenticity of certain documents issued by the U.S. federal government. The phrase “Great Seal Of the United States” is used both for the physical seal itself (which is kept by the U.S. Secretary of State), and more generally for the design and image upon it. The Great Seal was first used publicly in 1782.
The obverse or reverse side of the of the Great Seal is used as the national Coat Of Arms of the United States. It is officially used on documents such as United States passports, military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags. As a coat of arms, the design has official colors; the physical Great Seal itself, as affixed to paper, is monochrome.
What Is The Symbolism Behind The Great Seal Of The United States?
The design on the obverse (or front) of the seal is the coat of arms of the United States. The American shield, often thought of whenever the American Bald Eagle is seen, frequently drawn incorrectly, has two primary differences from the USA flag. First, it has no stars on the blue chief (though other arms based on often do: the chief of the arms of the United States Senate often shows 13 or even 50, and the shield of the 9/11 Commission has, sometimes, 50 mullets on the chief). Second, unlike the American flag, the outermost stripes are white, not red; so as not to violate the heraldicrule of tincture. Often overlooked this still stands as a significant different between the two
The supporter of the shield is a bald eagle with its wings outstretched (or “displayed”, in heraldic terms). From the eagle’s perspective, it holds a bundle of 13 arrows in its left talon (referring to the 13 original American states), and an olive branch in its right talon, together symbolizing that the United States has “a strong desire for peace, but will always be ready for war.”. Although not specified by law, the olive branch is usually depicted with 13 leaves and 13 olives, again representing the 13 original states. The eagle has its head turned towards the olive branch, on its right side, said to symbolize a preference for peace. In the Eagle’s beak, the eagle clutches a scroll with the motto E pluribus unum(“Out of Many, One”). This Latin term is the motto for the United States and clearly signifies the unification of the United States and its desire for independence from Britain.
Over the Eagle’s head there appears a “glory” with 13 mullets (stars) on a blue field. In the current (and several previous) dies of the great seal, the 13 stars above the eagle are arranged in rows of 1-4-3-4-1, forming a six-pointed star.
It Happened in 1782!
The 1782 resolution of Congress adopting the arms, still in force, legally blazoned the shield as “Paleways of 13 pieces, argent and gules; a chief, azure.” As the designers recognized, this is a technically incorrect blazon under traditional English heraldic rules, since in English practice a vertically striped shield would be described as “paly”, not “paleways”, and it would not have had an odd number of stripes. A more technically proper blazon would have been argent, six pallets gules… (six red stripes on a white field), but the phrase used was chosen to preserve the reference to the 13 original states.
The Coat Of Arms Of the United States and What Does It Mean? It’s a Pyramid!
The 1782 Congress resolution adopting the seal blazons the image on the reverse as “A pyramid unfinished. In the zenith an eye in a triangle, the all seeing eye, surrounded by a glory, proper.” The pyramid is conventionally shown as consisting of 13 layers (or stacks as it is built from its base to its pinnacle) to refer to the 13 original states. The adopting resolution provides that it is inscribed on its base with the date MDCCLXXVI (1776, the year of the United States Declaration of Independence) in Roman numerals. Where the top of the pyramid should be, the Eye of Providence watches over it. Two mottos appear: Annuit cœptis signifies that Providence has “approved of (our) undertakings.”Novus ordo seclorum, freely taken from Virgil, is Latin for “a new order of the ages.” The reverse has never been cut (as a seal) but appears, for example, on the back of the one-dollar bill where it is most commonly seen.
The primary official explanation of the symbolism of the great seal was given by Charles Thomson upon presenting the final design for adoption by Congress. He wrote:
The Escutcheon is composed of the chief & pale, the two most honorable ordinaries. The Pieces, paly, represent the several states all joined in one solid compact entire, supporting a Chief, which unites the whole & represents Congress. The Motto alludes to this union. The pales in the arms are kept closely united by the chief and the Chief depends upon that union & the strength resulting from it for its support, to denote the Confederacy of the United States of America & the preservation of their union through Congress.
The colours of the pales are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valor, and Blue, the colour of the Chief signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice. The Olive branch and arrows denote the power of peace & war which is exclusively vested in Congress. The Constellation denotes a new State taking its place and rank among other sovereign powers. The Escutcheon is born on the breast of an American Eagle without any other supporters to denote that the United States of America ought to rely on their own Virtue.
Reverse. The pyramid signifies Strength and Duration: The Eye over it & the Motto allude to the many signal interpositions of providence in favour of the American cause. The date underneath is that of the Declaration of Independence and the words under it signify the beginning of the new American Æra, which commences from that date. (Source – Charles Thomson)
Symbolism of items numbering thirteen.
Thirteen is the central number that is found throughout the Great Seal Of the United States as well as the USA Coast Of Arms. The official description of the seal states that there should be thirteen stars in the “glory” above the eagle’s head, thirteen stripes on the shield, and thirteen arrows in the eagle’s talon. The initial description of the reverse specified thirteen levels to the pyramid, and though the number was left out of the final version, all depictions typically still show thirteen levels. Also by custom, since 1885 there are thirteen leaves and thirteen olives on the olive branch. The fact that there are thirteen letters in two of the mottos (“e pluribus unum” and “annuit cœptis”) seems to be coincidental (and depends on whether one considers the ligature “œ” to be one letter or two).
These are the only preliminary drawings
of the final design for the Great Seal:
Sketches by Charles Thomson (June 1782) and William Barton (May 1782)
After these were drawn, a few revisions were made:
• The Eagle’s shield was given vertical red & white stripes.
• New Latin mottoes were chosen for the pyramid side.
• A triangle was placed around the eye of providence.
• MDCCLXXVI (1776) was placed beneath the pyramid.
But no new drawings were made. No artwork was submitted to nor approved by Congress.
Illustrations of a seal are called “realizations.”
Here are the U.S. Department of State’s current realizations:
(Source – Great Seal Overview)
The rich symbology, its connection with the 13 original American States, its desire for independence constructed at a time when the country was new, has made the Great Seal Of the United States one of the most important images of the United States. The Great Seal of the United States, its reverse side, its Coat Of Arms, is incredible insight into what has made America great, solid, unified and a country who preserves its freedoms and helps other countries to maintain theirs. These icons of American history continues to be preserved and reproduced whether on challenge coins like the ones displayed below or in some other form.
When it comes to challenge coins for the different branches of the United States Military one needs to experience Military Challenge Coins at Their Finest! This isn’t just a statement thrown out there and hope it sticks to whatever it grabs onto. It has to mean something because the challenge coin represents a military unit, its military Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen. It means the US military and furthermore it means America and its military history and heritage.
In the service to the US military a coin must raise to the expectation of its military and its Veterans. It has to be detailed, convey a unique message in both written but also graphic form and it must be produced to the level of quality that the US military demands. This does not mean a cheap 2 dimension coin that some garage shop throws together (and there are plenty of them out there) but must be designed and thought through. It can’t be cheap because that sets the expectations of something that is produced with less professionalism than it deserves.
The coin design an craftsmanship of Vision-Strike-Coins and Vision-Strike-Wear.Com surpasses the fly-by-night garage operation that really must go. It sets the bar at a level attainable for those with the commitment of designing and producing only the finest in military challenge coins.
A SERE coin for those that went through this hellish course and lived to never talk about it. A purple unit designed to give our men and women of the military a fighting chance should they be caught while fighting the enemy. One side with blindfold representing the captured soldier and the reverse with blindfold removed representing the escape and the culmination of what SERE training represents.
Side A represents the captured state of the SERE trainee while Side B (displayed below) illustrates the one eye open and escape which is at the heart of SERE training.
Some of the newest coins to hit the line have arrived at Vision-Strike-Wear.Com beginning with the recent introduction of the Naval Intelligence coin with motto IN God We Trust All Others We Monitor a long standing tradition within the naval intel community.
The United States Army has had a long and courageous history of defending America, bringing highly trained Soldiers and equipment to distant parts of the world. The US Army has deployed some of the fiercest Divisions to places all over the world to help remove dictators and establish peace wherever they have been asked to deploy. Three such US Army Divisions, the 1st Armored Division (Old Ironsides), the 2nd Armored Division (Hell On Wheels) and the US Army 3rd Armored Division (Spearhead) are such Divisions. In honor of their upcoming birthday, July 15th, these highly awarded and honored Armored Divisions have had some of the finest Army Armor Division coins produced in their honor.
Each of these tough and highly detailed US Army Armored Division coins features the intense look of a tanker with helmet, boom stick, rounds of ammo, crossed tank shells and the infamous Death Before Dismount associated with US Army armor.
US Navy Rate Challenge Coins
Why not a military bottle opener?
When the US navy inquired with Vision-Strike-wear.Com they did so because they knew they wanted the kind of detail and craftsmanship that VSW delivers. The US Navy Jolly Roger bottle opener was a perfect example of the detailed work that VSW puts into each of its bottle openers and military challenge coins.
A perfect example of the kind of quality in both design and craftsmanship when it comes to a US Navy Rate coin is this Information Systems Technician Coin built for the IS Rate and those USN Sailors that are proud to hold this rate.
USMC Drill Instructor coin? You bet. MOS 8511 Salty Edition. At the request of the saltier US Marine Drill Instructors it ws an honor to produce this USMC challenge coin in such a way that the the MOS 8511 was displayed as it should be along with the EGA smokey the bear, skull and teeth bared. This highly decorative and detailed coin was produced with the most attention to detail and professionalism and it was an honor for us to produce them.
2017 marks the anniversary of military working dogs. These dogs have gone to war since 1941 in virtually every branch of the US Military. Some have made it home while many have not leaving heir partners just as grieved as any soldier lost in combat. For those that have been reunited it is one of the happiest moments of both of their lives as old soldiers see each other again having been separated by great distances. This is a coin personally created for them and out of respect for the, The K- teams of the US military are honored with this K-9 75th Anniversary Magnum Coin!
Semper Paratus! The US Coast Guard has an awesome responsibility patrolling, guarding and enforcing the oceans off the US Coast line, its waterways and its harbors. The USCG has a long and very proud tradition and it is in this vein that we created this USCG Never Retired Semper Paratus coin for them.
Small Arms Repairer MOS 2111 Coin Unleashed At Vision-Strike-Wear.Com Today
USMC MOS Coins Bark At The Competition because of their bad ass tendencies and nature! The USMC is the best and they deserve the best and whether its an 0311 Grunt, a USMC Drill Instructor, Machine Gunner, Scout Sniper, United States Marine Recruiter, Combat Engineer, Artilleryman, Mortarman Infantry Assaultman and Small Arms Repairman the jobs of the USMC are built on teamwork, pride and the the overriding desire to be the best. They have the warrior spirit embedded in each US Marine and their drive and demanding of the best in others and especially of themselves is why they succeed in all things.
Keeping weapons up to date and fully repaired is a key job in any branch of the military, and in the Marines, a big part of this responsibility falls to the small arms repairer/technician. It’s an enlisted job with some specific requirements to be eligible.
The general military definition of small arms, which are somewhat different than light weapons, refers to those weapons that can be used by a single person.
They include handguns, light automatic weapons (which include some machine guns), portable rocket launchers, rifle- and shoulder-fired grenade launchers and other shoulder-fired weapons. For the most part, small arms are considered portable, and can be fired without a tripod or special mount. They may be used in civil disturbances as well as combat, and can be stolen more easily than light or heavy arms.
The job ofsmall arms repairer/technician in the grade of Private through Lance Corporal, involves small arms maintenance and repair, inspection procedures, and armory procedures. He or she performs inspections of all small arms, with the exception of vehicular mounted weapons. The small arms repairer/technician also completes basic shop administrative forms and records.
At the Corporal through Gunnery Sergeant level the small arms repairer/technician performs, trains, and supervises inspection, maintenance, and repair of all small arms, to include vehicular mounted small arms. (Source – The Balance.Com)
Custom US Navy Military Shirts Cross The Globe At Vision-Strike-Wear.Com At Vision-Strike-Wear.Com and its an every day thing. The custom military United States Navy shirts originally designed and printed at Vision-Strike-Wear have gone from Pearl Harbor to Norfolk Naval Shipyard, ATG Mayport and Jacksonville to Groton, Connecticut, New York Nuclear Training facilities to Subic Bay, Sasebo and Atsugi, Japan have travelled the world on US Navy destroyers, cruisers, submarines, aircraft carriers, amphibs, small boys and big boys alike and have graced the backs of US Navy Sailors from Seaman to Master Chiefs. Annapolis to Great Lakes and every major A School in the US Navy has enjoyed the morale building naval tees created by VSW and it has been an amazing journey for all.
US Navy Shellback designs, VBSS Teams, JEA, SCPOA, FCPOA and CPOAs, aka the Goat Lockers where the backbone of the United States Navy resides, The Chiefs, have had custom US Navy shirts created for them by Vision-Strike-Wear.Com with each new design bringing originality, flair, morale, creativity and overall kick ass unique US Navy designs to be enjoyed by US Navy Sailors the world over. If you are interested in having a design created please contact us at Custom US Navy shirts.
A custom US Navy shirt design created for the CPO 365 program at the USN Hospital located in Rota Spain.
Then came the phone call from Naval Submarine Base New London and the Sailors of the United States Navy. Give us a submarine, Kraken with dixie cup and strong tentacles hugging the submarine, make it black and white and make it cool. We responded!
Something Wicked This Way Comes! An opportunity to produce a wonderful design for VAQ-134!
The EA-6B is to be replaced by the EA-18G in early 2015, and the last deployment with the EA-6B was on USS George H.W. Bush in 2014.
A custom Navy shirt designed for VX-20 The Backbone of the US Navy!
There are some incredible US Squadrons like VQ-4 The Shadows. The Shadows borrowed from the 20 and 30s along with their E-6B aircraft and a whole lot of detail and color thrown in made this a wonderful custom US Navy shirt to create for them.
The USS Topeka SSN-754 called VSW and asked for a design that had their amazing warship, the Capitol of Kansas, Topeka and its state building, US Navy Officer’s Crest, Enlisted Rates, and Motto “Defenders Of The Heartland” created for their ship.
The Second Class Petty Officers Association aboard the USS Fort McHenry requested and amphibious design featuring an alligator, anchors, Eagle and chevrons and got it with the kind of detail found at Vision-Strike-Wear.Com!
When a Boomer calls we listen! The USS Tennessee SSBN-734 and its FCPOA did call and wanted a stunning design for their First Class Petty Officer Association and we listened!
The US Navy SEABEES! Amazing. this design created for a Seabees unit and Charlie Co was taken from the VSW Jolly Roger Navy design and updated with text and additional detail!
The First Class Petty Officer is an accomplished leader. Just below the rank of Navy Chief, the first classes prepare for their time as future senior leaders. The relationship between first class and chief is an interesting one. Driven hard by the Chiefs the First Class is looked at as the rising leaders and must be scrutinized to ensure they pass into the higher ranks ready to get the job done. The FCPOA is one place where their skills are tested and prepared whether in a CPO 365 environment or through communication and information exchange with other firsts. This US Navy VR-56 Globemasters FCPOA Shirt with male and female E-6 enlisted hold the world up in uniformity and equality as they show others they Have Got This!
When the USS Mustin DDG-89 requested a shirt for the crew the concept was a goat wielding a large Thor like hammer, crow displayed on the shirt, surface warfare insignia along with first class petty officer chevrons. The result was a highly developed and detailed US Navy custom shirt for the crew of the USS Mustin and their FCPOA.
A satellite phone call from NMC Sigonella made this shirt design for this command a reality. Skulls, crossed cannons, anchor, American and Italian crossed flags and more detail than you can shake a stick at became a reality for this United States Navy command.
Sometimes we gt to design for US Navy squadrons like VR-62 The Nomads!
The USS Princeton CG-59 an Aegis missile cruiser with the sleek and fine look of a Ticonderoga cruiser. A design with Jolly Roger, knife in mouth, crossed bones, porthole, rough waters in the background, anchors, tridents and the slogan “Honor And Glory!” A wonderful black and white custom US Navy shirt design for an amazing warship and its crew.
The warships of the US navy frequently contact VSW with details and information about how they want their crew shirts to look. Within the crew there are divisions like the Engineering Division on board the USS Ramage. They wanted a razor sharp design for their department and that is what they got!
Of course Second Class Petty Officer’s Associations of the United States Navy order shirts. As future senior leads in the US Navy these associations (SCPOA) are critical to the development of training and skills preparing these future leaders for this role. On occasion they also request some of the coolest military shirts around. So when the SCPOA at FRCMA Oceana gave us a call about their shirts we were overjoyed! Backbone of the Navy!
Coastal Riverine Group 2 wanted a shirt designed for their CPO Mess and they got it. Featuring the US Navy Goat with crossed arms, cover, anchors, fast boats barbed wire and the various commands this important USN Command is associated with all came together for their mess. The moment they ordered their shirts they came back for a second round almost immediately. Semper Fortis!
The US Navy operates at the top of the world and at the lowest geographically but when it comes to the last mile marker and the most southern part of Florida and the US there is a detachment that handles high explosives and is part of the US Navy IYAOYAS community. NC Detachment Key West is that unit and command and they wanted something special when it came to their US Navy shirts.
Patrol Squadron 1 of the United States Navy requested a Jolly Roger design featuring the USN Rate symbol for Aviation Ordnancemen and the all too famous wording, IYAOYAS. black and white design with tremendous detail and character which when printed on a black or dark colored shirt really stands out and pops.
The USS McCampbell CPO Mess requested a custom US Navy shirt featuring their ship US Flag and Japanese flag showing the support and relationship each country has to one another. The ship’s Motto “Relentless In Battle” along with each of the US Navy Chief’s anchors were also designed.
At the request of the Chief Of The Boat comes this USN shirt design for the USS Columbia. Warrior SSN-771!
The USS Winston Churchill the only US Navy ship named for a foreign dignitary. The Chief’s Mess wanted a design with a Goat and Greek like look displaying shield, goat, spears and helmet and that is what they got. They reordered almost immediately! “We Steer The Course”
Don;t Worry We Got This a common saying among enlisted First Classy Petty Officers when responding to a US Navy Chief. The definite working class among the ranks. Experienced leadership. Hard working and still working to make it among the senior enlisted. The FCPOA’s of the US Navy are developing skills, teaching each other and gaining valuable information. This design created for NAS Fallon FCPOA is one example of the custom US Navy shirts created for the FCPOAs of the US Navy.
A US Navy Gator in a pea coat? We actually did get that request and to top it off we added a Dixie Cup.
When the USS Connecticut called and requested a custom US Navy shirt we answered. The request was taking our Navy Squid with tentacles, dixie cup and pea coat and adding their motto “Arsenal Of A Nation” to the bottom text before printed them on highly durable moisture wicking shirts for the Chief Petty Officers aboard this grand warship.
Associations and non-profits also have received a number of wonderful custom shirts and military designs over the years from Vision-Strike-Wear.Com. One such organization, the Tin Can Sailor Association, requested of course a squid ripping open a can of Whoop Ass, with full color and nautical elements. The title “Strength From The Seas” was added and finished this wonderful Tin Can Sailor shirt design.
VP-10 Navy Patrol Squadron. We Got This. Orions and tactical control screens were the central theme for this US Navy Squadron which we were proud to work on.
Below please find VSW designs that have been originally designed specifically for the commands, ships, squadrons and men and women of the United States Navy. It is an honor to serve you.
A design created for Coastal Riverine Squadron 3 FCPOA of the United States Navy. They wanted a highly detailed and very colorful look for their First Class Petty Officer shirts.
The USS Wayne E Meyer needed a shirt 90 days out from their return to home and something with a twist aimed at their galley and they got it. Straight Out Of The Scullery. DDG-108 custom shirts designs for the US Navy and its sailorsl
Getting A Great Custom Military Shirt is a great question of your command or association for example just assigned you the task.
Before you get down to the brass tacks when it comes to getting a great custom military shirt design you have to think about it beyond the normal wanting it “fast and wanting it cheap” mentality. It’s the wrong approach when it comes getting quality.
You can have great quality but it comes with a price. The question is why. Simply put a custom shirt requires a custom design and that means someone has to think it up and draw it. Not easy for most people or everyone would be doing it and there are far less affordable and qualified illustrators out in the world that know both how to design, understand how to create original concepts and finally do it in a way that makes the end result truly fantastic. If you want great, well it is possible and for less than you might imagine if done it’s correctly.
So what does it cost?
Before we get into that let’s see what you think is affordable. Let’s take the average military shirt. Most on-line military shirt companies are going to try and sell a basic subdued shirt with few colors and a sleeve print on average for around 19.00 to 23.00. Anyone selling a military shirt on-line for more than this needs to have their head examined. Anything over 20 bucks is ridiculous.
So in the world of costs what does 19.00 buy you?
1. A really decent hamburger, fries a shake and a drink at a better than average restaurant. Not talking a drive through extravaganza.
2. 3.5 cups of coffee with a minimum of three shots per. Maybe 4 if you are dating the barista.
3. Almost a decent car cleaning if you don’t get the lifetime wax and polish treatment. You got a chance to keep it under 19.00 if you miss this wonderful option.
4. Maybe a ride share to work. Maybe and only if there is no tip involved.
5. 4 packs of really good water bottles
6. An overpriced military shirt if the graphics are 1 and two color, the cotton is so thin you can see through it and it’s a “Brand”. Not very exciting.
7. Or you can get involved in a fully custom designed shirt with top-notch military art, professionally printed, on a great shirt. It does happen and it can happen.
So how do we get started? If you have gotten this far then it means you are interested and want a killer designs. We want to help you to achieve this.
Quick Step Guide to Great Custom Military Shirts
1. The best place to start is to have an idea of what you want on the front and back of the shirt, if sleeve printing is involved, if the design will be a black and white or full color and the style of the art. Do you want the art to be comic oriented, serious, maybe something in the middle? Do you know what the text will be on the front and back of the shirt? Is there a motto or slogan that you would like to see. What are the elements you envision? The way to look at this is if you could make a list for example of the top 5-10 things that are most important inn a design what would they be?
2. Quantity. How many items do you want? Quantity plays a major role in how much your shirts and items cost. If you don’t know but think you know offer a range. I would like pricing for 25-100 items. Are there discounts, bulk pricing options and can I get a better price if I order more items? The answer is typically yes.
3. Shirt or apparel color? Important but not crucial. If you know please provide but keep mind most printers understand these things can change. Can I mix and match colors? Absolutely. You want Navy Blue but also a Type 3 Chestnut brown, athletic heather or pink? No problem.
4. What about hoodies, long sleeve, tank tops? Yes. Adding more to your quantities includes these types of items. The price of a hoodie is more than a shirt but overall it helps bring the overall cost down because they can all get printed at the same time.
5. Cotton or dry fit shirts? You bet.
6. Where in the world are these shipping to? APO FPO? No problem. On base or off base housing. No problem. If it can get there with USPS, DHL, FEDEX, or UPS we can get them to you. Having an address helps us know the best and most affordable way to get your items shipped to you.
Don;t have a cool military shirt idea to get started with?
That is never a problem and a whole lot of custom US Military shirts started out as a napkin sketch or even worse but developed into so amazing concepts with the US Military and Vision-Strike-Wear.Com work together.
I want to start with a brief synopsis of who we are. Naval Beach Unit 7 (NBU7) is the first of its kind, by merging Landing Craft Air Cushions (LCAC’s), Landing Craft Utility (LCU), and Beach Party Team (BPT) into one command, and our base is located in Sasebo, Japan Typically they are separated into 3 separate commands in the states. Our job is to assist the amphibious Navy by transporting Marine equipment and personnel all throughout the Asian Pacific (7th Fleet). The LCAC’s are hovercrafts that are extremely fast but limited by how much we can carry.
The LCU’s are slow but can carry 3 times what an LCAC can carry. BPT work on the beach and assists in guiding the LCAC’s and LCU’s into the desired beach. We all do different jobs but without us the Amphibious Navy would not be able to complete their missions. This is the information we at Vision-Strike-Wear.Com receive at the onset of a design. This is why we love to work with the US Navy!
Attached to a Division and a MEU the US Marines do conduct operations involving the Queen of the battlefield and by that we mean their tanks! What is more dangerous than a US Marine with a rifle? A US Marine with an even bigger rifle!
Let’s show you a little USMC Fury!
GOD LOVES THE MARINE CORPS!
They keep Heaven packed with fresh souls!
MISSION OF THE TANK BATTALION
The mission of a tank battalion is to conduct operations ashore utilizing maneuver, armor protected firepower and shock action in order to close with and destroy the enemy, as well as provide expertise in anti-tank operations. Currently, tank battalions utilize the M1A1 Abramsmain battle tank and the M88A2Recovery Vehicle. Tank battalions consist of an headquarters and service company and four or six (4th Tanks) tank companies. Each tank company is equipped with 14 tanks and the H&S Co. has a section of two tanks in the battalion headquarters for use by the battalion CO and XO. (Source – www.quora.com)
The coat of arms of the 1st Tank Battalion is a jousting shield of blue with a scarlet border and a large numeral “1” (in the 1st Marine Division font) in scarlet behind an M2A4 tank painted as used at Guadalcanal during World War II all behind a diagonal lightning bolt (striking from the shields upper left to the shields lower right). The crest is a Marine Corps emblem of silver and gold contained within a green laurel. A gold banner above the arms is inscribed “First Tank Battalion” and another below the arms inscribed “August-Guadalcanal-1942” in scarlet.
The battle of Guadalcanal began in August 1942 and was the first combat action of the battalion and the M2A4 tank was the first tank used by the battalion. Additionally, the battalion was the only American military unit to ever use the M2A4 tank in battle. The use of this tank memorializes the first combat action of the battalion. The jousting shield is a unique device of mounted and armored warriors and has the upper corner cut away to better wield one’s weapons. The colors of the shield and the 1st Marine Division numeral “1” identify the battalion with its parent division. The lightning bolt represents speed, shock effect and firepower. The laurel, in the crest, is an award of honor, recalling the courage, valor and sacrifices of the battalion.
This coat of arms has existed in Marine Corps records—in varied forms—since at least 1970. Other variations exist, often placing the emblems from the coat of arms (the number “1”, the tank and lightning bolt) on a differently shaped shield or on the diamond insignia of the 1st Marine Division, often substituting a more modern tank for the original and sometimes rearranging the emblems. This latter device (the number “1”, tank, and lightning bolt upon the diamond insignia of the 1st Marine Division) is commonly used as the distinctive unit insignia (or DUI, a badge-type device) of the battalion.
The coat of arms of the 3rd Tank Battalion is that of the 3rd Marine Division, differenced by surmounting the caltrop with a M3A4 Sherman tank, as used on Iwo Jima during WWII and stenciled with a number “3” on the turret and “USMC” on the hull in gold, all above a Marine Corps emblem of gold. A gold banner above the shield isinscribed “Third Tank Battalion” and another below the shield has “Shock, Mobility, Firepower” in scarlet. Subsequent insignia and devices are variations of this original insignia, typically changing the tank to a more modern version.