To avoid the possible interference from then Lieutenant-Governor Dunmore and his Royal Marines, the Second Virginia Convention met back on March 20, 1775 inland at Richmond–in what is presnrly referred to as St. John’s Church–instead of what was then the Capitol in Williamsburg. The delegate Patrick Henry presented a variety of resolutions to raise and bring forth a militia, and to put Virginia in a posture of self defense. Henry’s opponents of course urged caution and patience until the English crown replied to Congress’ latest petition for reconciliation.
On the 23rd of the month, Patrick Henry presented a proposal to organize a volunteer company of cavalry or infantry in every Virginia county. An account and start of what Virginia would later do again in its near future. By custom, Henry addressed himself to the Convention’s President, Peyton Randolph of Williamsburg, VA. Henry’s words were not transcribed but thankfully due to his word being ever so eloquent were never forgotten, or Henry’s closing words: “Give me liberty, or give me death!”
Henry’s first biographer, William Wirt of Maryland, was three-years-old in 1775. An assistant federal prosecutor in Aaron Burr’s trial for treason at Richmond in 1807, and later attorney general of the United States, Wirt began to collect materials for the biography in 1808, nine years after Henry’s death. From the recollections of men like Thomas Jefferson, Wirt reconstructed an account of Henry’s life, including the remarks presented below.
St. John’s Church, Richmond, Virginia
March 23, 1775.
MR. PRESIDENT: No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen if, entertaining as I do, opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely, and without reserve. This is no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country. For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfil the great responsibility which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offence, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an act of disloyalty toward the majesty of heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings.
Mr. President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren till she transforms us into beasts. Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to provide for it.
I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided; and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years, to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves, and the House? Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with these war-like preparations which cover our waters and darken our land. Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and reconciliation? Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled, that force must be called in to win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. These are the implements of war and subjugation; the last arguments to which kings resort. I ask, gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array, if its purpose be not to force us to submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motive for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to call for all this accumulation of navies and armies? No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us; they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging. And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to offer upon the subject? Nothing. We have held the subject up in every light of which it is capable; but it has been all in vain. Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted? Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves. Sir, we have done everything that could be done, to avert the storm which is now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the tyrannical hands of the ministry and Parliament. Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne. In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and reconciliation. There is no longer any room for hope. If we wish to be free² if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending²if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained, we must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us!
They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance, by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations; and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable²and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come.
It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace²but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!
Patrick Henry may not have had a coin displaying his all too familiar words of Patriotism but if he had it would have been this coin.
The power tradition of American Freedoms has never lost its luster and will forever hold sway over those who would take away the birthright of Americans.
Source: Wirt, William. Sketches of the Life and Character of Patrick Henry . (Philadelphia) 1836, as reproduced in The World’s Great Speeches, Lewis Copeland and Lawrence W. Lamm, eds., (New York) 1973.
The design, stamping, cutting, removing of sharp angles and cuts, polishing and packaging follows a certain degree of manufacturing protocols and a series of steps aimed at producing the finest engraved coins but also takes on one of an art form.
The process of minting a challenge coins begins with design. The questions often encountered are the shape, size and what is requested for the front and back and whether sequentially numbering or some other sort of information like a custom text, anniversary date, military unit, ship or other important information one would want etched into their coins. The process of taking a custom design and having it minted begins with the design and having the right company that knows and understands how design can translate into a metallic medallion is an important one. Not all designs can become coins regardless of the desire to produce one. The right elements of art and metallic tool and die making must come together to make it happen.
The minting process to make a US quarter is exactly the same as the design used to create the US Navy Popeye Challenge coin with Vision-Strike-Wear.Com. The US Mint utilizes for hundreds of years the same technology that is used by Vision-Strike-Wear.Com coins when it comes to producing the finest in military collectible challenge coins.
Taking a picture and then replicating it onto a large format clay mold is the next step is designing a tool used to stamp your coins.
Once the design is reviewed and approved the die is next to be produced. Using the large clay mold the details from the large mold are then etched into a smaller piece of steel used for stamping out the coins. The above image illustrates how the mold is etched preparing it for stamping.
The tool once complete is tempered and heated to a rockwellian steel hardness allowing to keep stamping for hundreds and thousands of coin stamps. When customers ask why a die or mold costs what it does they fully understand the costs associated with it when they see what the finished product is. A great military design can be put on hold when the die is not made to the specifications or level of details expected.
The design is made, the mold and tooling completed now its time to stamp out the coins.
Separating Coin Blanks
After the coin blanks are separated, added to the presses and then punched out they are transferred to the paint area where workers add enamel paint by hand to the various levels and sides of the military coins. This is a slow and very intricate task and is also a large reason for the longer wait times during the coin manufacturing process.
With the coins now minted a sample is taken inspecting the coins for any flaws but also looking for correctness. If an issue is discovered the coins might be redone and the entire process gone through again to ensure the quality of the finished product is maintained.
Military coins upon their completion are then sent to the packaging area where they are often added to a clear poly bag for protection and presentation.
Hazing has been a part of the “Shellback” ceremonies in the US Navy for years, but the new Hazing Prevention task force is trying to end that. Hazing is classified as any and all actions that are, “cruel, abusive, humiliating, oppressive, demeaning or harmful.” It is nice to know that Shellbacks Making a Comeback might be at hand.
SECNAV Instruction and the new task force say that their mission is clear, and that mission is to end hazing. However, the Navy does not want to stop the comradery and team building associated with these ceremonies.
What is Acceptable and What is Banned
Throwing a bucket of water on someone, or a flavored/color drink, small amounts of non-poisonous grease or other non dangerous agents is considered to be “OK”. Engine Lube, or poisonous substances are out. Beating someone with a rubber hose is out, but covering someone with vegetable shortening sounds like it’s good “clean” fun still.
The object here to still let people have a good time but in a way that endangers someone’s life or well being. In other cases something is allowed based on their classification. Such as shaving someone’s eyebrows is considered hazing, yet is not if you are a Navy SEAL, as it is considered special circumstances and “a unique requirement of their job.”
Only 30 cases of hazing have been reported in fiscal 2013 by the Navy. Some more serious than others and a few reported to include “abusive sexual contact.”
Often these ceremonies will also contain gifts, and mementos such as special coins called Challenge Coins. These are made with specific designs emblematic of the location of the Shellback Ceremony. Also decals, sticker, custom unit shirts and other products are used to give the new sailors a lasting memory of the events and the accomplishment of the ceremony itself.
An Important Right of Passage
The Shellback ceremonies are still an important right of passage for those in the US Navy. the definition of the ceremony is “Crossing line ceremonies involving ‘Shellbacks’ or sailors who have crossed the equator before and initiating ‘Pollywogs’ or new sailors, crossing for their first time.”
This important right of passage can build a feeling of accomplishment as well as comradery, as long as things are not taken too far as leave people injured, physically or mentally.
Emerald Shellback T-Shirt
Titles of Shellback Accomplishments
Ancient Order of the Deep
Court of Aurora Borealis
Imperium Neptuni Regis
Order of the Ditch
Order of the Lakes
Order of Magellan
Order of the Golden Dragon
Order of the Red Nose
Order of the Rock
Realm of the Czars
Royal Diamond Shellback
The Safari to Suez
Controversy vs Comradery
Today’s ceremonies have calmed down considerably. The new sailors will most times dress funny, sing and chant and get hosed down or splashed on by water buckets.
A corpsman in Virginia was quoted saying, “War is stressful, battles are dangerous. We need to be tough on each other so that we know we can count on each other when things go downhill.”
We hope that the Navy will allow the ceremonies to continue as it is an important moment for many Navy Men and Women. As long as the ceremonies are done in a safe and non-damaging way to our brave soldiers and sailors, we believe the benefits outweigh the issues involved.
Why Don’t Americans Wear the Liberty Cap? Learn to celebrate your independence from British Royalty and Banking tyranny by donning your “Liberty Cap”! The identifiable symbol for many revolutions and was the key symbol in the US Army featured here. It was prominently associated with rebellion.
This Christmas Santa Clause also Wears the Liberty Cap!
Good ol’ St Nick is also known for sporting a Red Liberty Cap. The Original Santa Claus comes from the Siberian Shamans that use the Amenita Muscaria, a Large red fat mushroom with white polka dots. During these periods of winter the shaman would bring these magic mushrooms to the snowed in Scandanavians. Cabin fever was easily abated with the visions of gum drops dancing in their heads.
Bill Murray donning the Red Liberty Cap in “Life Aquatic”
Its probable the French Revolutionaries got it from the American Revolutionaries who lead the revolt against the brutal military and banking tyranny of the British Empire and Vatican Hegemony. In 1776, the Americans had had enough and in the ancient tradition of the Phyrgian Slaves donned Liberty Caps to represent the American Revolution with the British Royal Empire and The Holy Roman Empire!
This is a brimless, relaxed, cone shaped hat fitting the head. Originally worn by the peoples of Phyrigia a region known as Anatolia in ancient history. Today his region is called Asia Minor. In 1593 Cesare Ripa wrote the book Iconologia recognizing these caps and there history. The Phyrigian cap was worn by slaves of ancient Rome and Greece. Later it was worn for ceremonial purposes. The cap also played a part in the ceremony of the manumission slave. Its connection to Asia Minor is tenuous. The understanding is that the Phyrgian slaves who when freed ould again wear their traditional head wear. Whichever it may be, the Phrygian cap was adopted and symbolised liberty to the libertarians during the Enlightenment. The “Phrygian cap” , French for “bonnet Phrygian“, is generally displayed as a red cap, “bonnet rouge” or Liberty Cap, “bonnet de la Liberte“.
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The Liberty Cap represents SOVEREIGNTY which means that nobody other than God is your RULER. Sover (Super) in Latin means Above. Reign is to Rule Over. Or Above Rule. Above any one else’s Ruler-ship or Monarchy. In the American colonies the Liberty Cap was pervasive in promoting the the rebellion from Britain and birthing of a new nation under God and no other. The Sons of Liberty in 1765 was the first annotation. Later during the American Revolution some soldiers wore knitted red stocking caps with the occasional stitched words “LIBERTY” or “Liberty or Death” along the brim. This style was imbued in the attire of “Jonathan” an allegorical figure of the New England tale.
Liberty Caps were generally atop a Liberty Pole during the American Revolutionary War as a symbol of Freedom. Perhaps it was the “Dangling Carrot” ever chasing what is just out of our reach for it seems we have yet to achieve true Liberty from the evil doers of the British Royal Empire and their Banking Regime. Many coins have the Liberty Cap positioned a loft a pole or hovering behind the head of Lady Liberty where the Limbic brain or the part of the Brain that processes the Care principle. If we don’t care enough we will not stand up to the tyranny upon us! On the right we also see it on the seal of the United States Senate supplanting the fasci in the center. Very powerful symbology here.
A golden Liberty Cap appears on the seal of the State of New York the original capital of the United States of America. The latin phrase beneath translates to “The Figure of Liberty Proper”. Her hair is is unkempt and adorn with pearls, azure gown, sandals, cincture around the waist, fringed gules, a mantle of the last depending from the shoulders behind the feet, the dexter hand a staff adorned by a Phrygian Cap Or, a sinister arm holding and supporting the shield of the dexter chief point, a Royal Crown by her sinister foot rejected.
A Liberty Cap also appears on the state flags of New Jersey and West Virginia. It is predominant on the US Army Seal! Also painted on many murals within the US Capital in Washington D.C. like the Apotheosis of George Washington and artifacts with the same for Benjamin Franklin.
Life, Liberty And Pursuit Of All Who Threaten It Shirt
The figure here is detailed in the painting “Telegraph” in the US Senate by Constantine Brumidi personifying America wearing a Liberty Cap. However the Liberty Cap is commonly associated with the revolution of the Americas from Great Britain it not shown worn. Its either an isolated symbol or on top of a Liberty Pole or shaft. The one here shows it colored as an American Flag. Another shows it on a pole crossing a fasces. This design is from an envelope during the American Civil War. It was to be featured in the painting in the US Capital authorized in 1855 called the ‘Freedom triumphant in War and Peace” but was rejected by Jefferson Davis , then the Secretary of War, and demanded a Roman helmet be used in its place.
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The Liberty Caps around the world
During the American Revolution the only European country to aid was France. The Liberty Cap was also used by the French Revolution that lead to teh beheading of the Royals! I guess someone wanted some heads to roll;) The French Revolutionary Army donned the Liberty Cap as seen here in this illustration of a Marienne. It was documented in 1789 but hte cap became popular in the Spring of 1790. It was worn by the Liberty Goddesses and Nation prior and became a part of the uniform of the sans-culottes. King Louis XVI, on June 20th 1792, donned a Liberty Cap when pressed by a large crowd that had stormed the palace of Tuileries. Later the Liberty Cap was placed on the mitre of the fleeing Archbishop of Paris.
By 1793, members of the Assemblies of Paris were obligated to wear a Liberty Cap and accepted it as a national symbol placing it on the French Seal of the State of the Republic and to replace the Fleur-di-lis on milestones. The cap was definitely considered an important icon. Here is a postcard with a large red Liberty Cap portrayed. It is identified with more extreme revolutionaries and as been subdued during periods of stability when the French Government discouraged any uprising or disturbing the apple cart. Under the Consulate regime the capped Liberty was replaced by a less provoking Minerva helmet as well as ALL public monuments. Take a clue!
Pictured here is a painting called “La Liberte guidant le peuple” – Liberty Guiding the People, by Eugene Delacroix and is currently hanging in the Louvre in Paris. Here Lady Liberty is brandishing the French tricolore Flag and wearing a red Phrygian Liberty Cap. Inspired by the insurrection of July 1830 in Paris ending the last king of France, Charles X, forcing him to abdicate and was replaced with the “King of the French” Louis-Phillippe.
During the 2nd Republic, rebellions caused the provisory government to add a Liberty Cap on the white stripe of the French tricolore Flag in February 1848. Then the cap disappeared again from the flag and the seal then was reestablished as a national symbol during the 3rd Republic.
The liberty cap continues to be worn by Marianne, the female illustration of the French Republic; however solely generally. Her bust, that adorns town halls of France, generally sports a rather less revolutionary jeweled headdress. She wears a awfully discreet cap on the new French brand shown higher than.
A cap is visible on the 1989 one hundred monetary unit coin shown on the proper. till 2002 the cap appeared, in conjunction with the Cross of French region, on the brand of a rightist French organisation referred to as Rassemblement pour la République (RPR), the neo-Gaullist party of Jacques Chirac. the brand isn’t any longer used, maybe attributable to the pardonable tendency to ascertain it as as a unshapely parrot. (The parot’s “eye” is truly a blue, white and red decoration.)
Elsewhere, the Liberty cap was incorporated into the image of the late eighteenth century Irish revolutionary movement called the Society of the United Irishmen. It additionally carried over to occupant revolutions of the decennium. The cap appeared on Mexican coins through the late nineteenth century into the middle twentieth century (including the previous eight Reales coin). Today, it’s featured of the coats of arms, national flags or seals of Central American country, Central American country, Colombia, Republic of Paraguay and Cuba. In Argentina it seems not solely on the national arms and flag, however additionally those of the military and navy, on presidential flags and therefore the flags of provinces together with Corrientes, Jujuy, Mendoza and urban center. As within the US, the cap invariably appears to feature on high of a stick, instead of people’s heads.
The Phrygian Cap before it became a Liberty Cap
Before the Phrygian cap came to symbolise freedom or revolutionary fervour, it had another message within the west. it had been an emblem related to the east. so it appears to own been worn by arange of peoples within the Balkans and peninsula. Macedonian, Thracian, and Dacian military helmets all had forward inform tiptop maybe mimicking Phrygian caps.
The Phrygian cap may be seen on Trajan’s Column, worn by the Dacians, and on the Arch of Septimius Severus, worn by the Parthians. Roman poets routinely used the term “Phrygian” to mean Trojan. In Greek art, the Phrygian cap served to spot Paris as a Trojan – and then positively not a correct Greek. The mosaic on the correct shows mythical being sporting a Phrygian hat. The cap additionally seems on murals in an exceedingly fourth century Thracian topographic point at Kazanlak in fashionable Bulgaria.
The Phrygian cap was worn by the god Mithras – shown on the correct. He was a Saviour god within the adherent Persian tradition supported the Zoroastrian faith.Mithras was a forerunner of the Saviour-god Hebrew United Nations agency borrowed Mithras’s halo, his birthday and his temple on the Vatican Hill in Rome, however not his Phrygian hat. identical headgear conjointly options on the heads of the 3 Magi in previous depictions of them – marking them as being from the east, like this depiction (above left) from a church in pitched battle. The name Magi denotes Zoroastrian clergymen from Persia.
Liberty Cap Mountain Peak
Liberty Cap is a granite dome in Yosemite parkland, California, USA that lies at the northwestern margin of the Yosemite park. It lies adjacent, to the north of American State Fall, on the naturalist path. It rises 1,700 feet (520 m) feet from the bottom of American state Fall to a peak elevation of 7,080 ft (2,158 m). A smaller, mesa-like dome referred to as Mount Broderick stands forthwith adjacent to cap.
Liberty Cap in Coins
Liberty Cap – Head Facing Left (1793)
Liberty Cap – Large Head Right Facing (1794)
Liberty Cap – Sm. Head Right Facing (1795-1797)
American Legend Paul Bunyan wore the Red Liberty Cap representing the freedom of the new frontier!
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Liberty Caps are entirely Made in America including designed, fabric, weave, embroidery, digitizing, shipping and handling!
Air Force designs at Vision-Strike-Wear.Com are created in support of our men and women in uniform, their family, friends and those that support the freedoms of our country, America. Vision-Strike-Wear.Com takes design to another level with its unique and innovative Battle Rattle military design system. You can have the design the way you want it and watch it change in front of you as you select from a variety of different options.
Sleeve art along with custom front left chest graphics turns these incredible graphics into a design that is one-of-a-kind. Your security type, cover, eye gear and weapon can be custom added to your military shirt and is printed to order. No one else have your shirt!
When United States Airmen want the best in designs displaying their role as security professionals, they call on Vision Strike Wear! Cutting edge, black and white or full color military apparel is what K-9 Security Teams are looking for. We put the creativity back into the customer’s hands by having custom text drops, more colors, more styles, sleeve art and Battle Rattle designs like this one.
Transform your US Air Force t-shirt, for men or women or youth, in long or short sleeve, hooded sweatshirt, crewneck sweatshirt, tank-top, sleeveless shirt, shorts or sweatpants with not only a fully customizable military design but you can also select Upper, Lower or Full Sleeve Art. Real time graphic changes will show a graphic representation of the apparel on the screen as you build it. Check out this video on adding sleeve art to any design.
Custom Pocket Art with Text Drops
Custom Unit Designs
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The Ports Waterways Coastal Security Harbor Master USCG Shirt created for Coasties and one of the 11 major mission types the USCG focuses in when conducting operations all over the world PWCS. Even though the smallest of the United States military branches, the US Coast Guard no less has some of the finest men and women in uniform working extremely hard each and every day helping to protect our shorelines, harbors, sea lanes with their incredible skills and talents. Detect Intercept Interdict!
PWCS, one of the many roles the USCG performs involves the employment of awareness activities including; counterterrorism, antiterrorism, preparedness and response operations; and the establishment and oversight of a maritime security regime. PWCS also includes the national defense role of protecting military outload operations.
This USCG design was created specifically for those involved in PWCS activities both active duty, reserve, retirees and veterans alike.